Race for the Case answers
Answers to Spring 2020 Race for the Case
Diagnose this case
A 20-year-old female with no significant past medical history presented to the hospital with a one-week history of a diffuse blistering rash. One week prior to onset, the patient reports she took a pain reliever for headache relief. She denied any fever, arthralgias,edema, eye pain, throat pain, urinary issues, or abdominal discomfort. During her hospital stay, she had no laboratory abnormalities and her vital signs were within normal limits. On physical exam, no lymphadenopathy, peripheral edema, or joint tenderness was noted. Over her back, shoulders, arms, legs, chest, and face there were several erythematous annular plaques with surrounding tense vesicles in a “crown of jewels” arrangement and bullae with associated erosions and crust. No involvement of the palms, soles, or mucous membranes were noted. Biopsy showed a subepidermal blister with neutrophils and a perivascular infiltrate. Direct immunofluorescence demonstrated IgA (immunoglobulin A) and C3 (complement component 3) in a linear pattern along the basement membrane zone.
- What is the diagnosis?
Answer: Pretibial Myxedema (or thyroid dermopathy)
- In drug-induced cases, what is the most common culprit?
Answer: Lymphedema, Elephantiasis, hypertrophic lichen planus, lichen simplex chronicus, stasis dermatitis, lichen amyloid
- What is the treatment of choice and what laboratory study must be ordered prior to initiation?
Answer: Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) especially hyaluronic acid
- What are the two antibody targets in this condition?
Answer: Graves orbitopathy (formerly Graves opthalmopathy)
- What is on the differential diagnosis?
Answer: Antibodies to the thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (anti-TSHR)