- Caused by persistent wet, soiled diapers and the use of unnecessary baby products, such as powders, creams, lotions and oils, on the bottom.
- Recommended treatment options include change diapers frequently; use a warm washcloth, instead of pre-moistened wipes; apply a barrier cream with zinc oxide; keep the diaper area open to the air as long as possible before putting on a clean diaper.
- Itchy, oozing, crusting rash.
- Occurs most often on the face and scalp.
- Can be confused with cradle cap, which is a red, scaly rash on the scalp, sides of the nose, eyebrows, eyelids and the skin behind the ears. Cradle cap clears on its own by 8 months.
- Treatment options:
- Nonprescription corticosteroid creams and ointments
- Prescription topical, steroid-free medications
- Tacrolimus and pimecrolimus, which are prescription topical medications that belong to a class of drugs called calcineurin inhibitors and work by modulating the immune response
- The 2004 total direct cost associated with the treatment of atopic dermatitis/eczema (in both children and adults) was $1 billion. The majority of the cost, $154 million, is attributed to spending on prescription drugs.1
- Pimples and whiteheads along the nose and cheeks.
- Caused by hormones from the mother that increase oil production in an infant's skin clogging the immature oil glands.
- The outbreak typically clears in a matter of weeks, without treatment.
- If acne persists for more than several weeks, parents should consult the child's pediatrician or a dermatologist. If the acne persists or becomes severe, consultation with an endocrinologist and pediatric dermatologist is recommended.
- Birthmarks can grow as a child grows.
- Appear most often on the face, but can be present on any part of the body.
- Two most common: hemangiomas and port-wine stains.
- Port-wine stains are present at birth.
- Hemangiomas may not immediately appear.
- Treatment options:
- Laser treatment with pulsed-dye laser.
- Prescription oral corticosteroids or corticosteroid injections.
See your dermatologist for successful diagnosis and treatment of infant and mother skin conditions.
1Source: The Burden of Skin Diseases 2005, copyright 2005, the Society for Investigational Dermatology and the American Academy of Dermatology Association.