Anyone who might have eczema herpeticum needs immediate medical care.
How does a doctor find eczema herpeticum?
A doctor scrapes the infected skin to get a sample, also called a smear. The smear will be examined under a microscope.
How is eczema herpeticum treated?
This infection is treated with an anti-viral medicine like acyclovir. A doctor prescribes this medicine to stop the herpes virus from spreading inside the body. Pain medicine may also be necessary.
If the rash appears near an eye, the dermatologist may also send your child to an ophthalmologist (medical doctor who diagnoses and treats the eyes). This appointment is important because the doctor will check to see if the virus is affecting the eyes.
Additional related content
Is that eczema or an infection on my child's skin?
Smallpox vaccine: What are the risks if someone has eczema?
Should a child who has eczema see a dermatologist?
Photo credits Herpes simplex outbreak:
Photo used with permission of the American Academy of Dermatology National Library of Dermatologic Teaching Slides.
All other photos on this page from ThinkStock. References
Arkwright PD, Motala C et al
. “Management of difficult-to-treat atopic dermatitis.” J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract
. 2013 Mar;1(2):142-51.
Atherton DJ, Harper JI. “Correspondence: Management of eczema herpeticum.” J Am Acad Dermatol 1988 Apr; 18(4):575-8.
Pride HB, Tollefson M, et al. “What new in pediatric dermatology?” Part II. Treatment. J Am Acad Dermatol 2013 Jun; 68(6):899.e1–899.e11.