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Neurodermatitis: Who gets & causes


Who gets neurodermatitis?

This skin condition is most likely to develop in someone who has the following traits:

Age: You’re between 30 and 50 years of age. This condition is rare in children; however, some children who have eczema (atopic dermatitis) develop neurodermatitis.

Gender: Women are more likely to develop neurodermatitis.

Medical history: You have a personal or family history of one or more of the following:

Researchers have discovered that a trigger can increase the risk of developing neurodermatitis. Things that can trigger neurodermatitis include:

  • Injury to a nerve

  • Period of intense stress or emotional trauma

  • Bug bite

  • Tight clothing, especially clothing made of wool or a synthetic fabric like rayon or polyester

  • Dry skin

Traffic exhaust, allergens, sweat, heat, and poor blood flow can also be a trigger.

What causes neurodermatitis?

While researchers have discovered that some people are more likely to get neurodermatitis, the cause is still unknown. This condition may develop when nerves overreact to anything from tight clothing to emotional stress. More research is needed. If you think that you might have neurodermatitis, an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment are important. Neurodermatitis rarely goes away without treatment.


References
Burgin S. “Nummular eczema and lichen simplex chronicus / prurigo nodularis.” In: Wolff K, Goldsmith LA, et alFitzpatrick’s Dermatology in General Medicine (seventh edition). McGraw Hill Medical, New York, 2008:160-2.

Doyen J, Demoulin S, et al. “Vulvar skin disorders throughout lifetime: about some representative dermatoses.” Biomed Res Int. Published online Jan 8, 2014.

Habif TP, Campbell JL, et al. “Lichen simplex chronicus” (card #7). Dermatology DDxDeck. Mosby Elsevier 2006.

Hogan DJ (author), James WD (editor). “Lichen simplex chronicus.” Medscape. Last updated July 2014.

Liao YH, Lin CC, et. al. “Increased risk of lichen simplex chronicus in people with anxiety disorder: A nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study.” Br J Dermatol. 2014 Apr;170(4):890-4.

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