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Dermatologist-recommended skin care for people with diabetes


Moisturize your skin

Well-moisturized skin can help you avoid skin complications due to diabetes.

Moisturizer on woman’s hand

When you have diabetes, finding time for skin care can seem like a luxury. Monitoring your glucose level, sticking to a meal plan, finding time to exercise, and managing stress can definitely take priority.

Dermatologists caution that skin care also plays a key role in helping you manage diabetes. The right skin care can prevent a serious skin condition, such as an infection, open sores, or non-healing wound.

Skin care tips that dermatologists recommend

By taking good care of your skin, you can treat and prevent uncomfortable changes to your skin. Diabetes often causes extremely dry skin, which can itch. Cracks in your skin can develop, grow deep, and bleed. These deep cracks increase your risk of developing a serious infection.

You may also notice that your skin is easily irritated or heals slowly.

To treat and prevent these skin changes, dermatologists recommend the following:

  1. Moisturize every day. Keeping your skin moisturized helps to make it flexible and prevent cracks that often lead to infection.

    For best results, dermatologists recommend that you:

    • Use a cream or ointment rather than a lotion. Creams and ointments do a better job of healing dry skin than do lotions.
    • Choose a fragrance-free cream or ointment that contains ceramides. You want to avoid products labeled “unscented” because these contain fragrance that has been masked so that you cannot smell the fragrance.
    • Apply your cream or ointment after bathing, swimming, and when your skin feels dry or itchy.
    • Carry your moisturizer with you so that you can apply it to your hands, which often become dry due to the need to wash your hands before checking your glucose level.

  2. Treat dry, cracked heels. This can prevent a serious infection, non-healing sores, and other problems.

    Treat dry, cracked heels

    If you have dry, cracked heels, apply a cream containing 10% to 25% urea before getting into bed. Do this every day until your skin heals.

    Close-up of a dry, cracked heel on a woman's foot

  3. Use a gentle cleanser when bathing. Deodorant soaps and strong body washes can irritate your already sensitive skin. A gentle cleanser or one specially formulated for people who have diabetes helps to soothe your skin and prevent complications.

  4. Bathe and shower using warm (not hot) water. Hot water can strip your skin of moisture, leaving it feeling dry, tight, and uncomfortable.

  5. Dry the folds of your skin carefully. After bathing and swimming, you want to gently dry the skin between your toes, armpits, and other places where skin touches skin. If water stays in these areas, it can lead to a skin infection.

    Check your feet daily

    Check your feet every day, making sure to check between your toes and on the bottoms of your feet for rashes, sores, skin wearing away, and other problems.

    Close-up of a woman's hand holding painful toe

  6. Get medical care for calluses on your feet. A corn or callus on your foot may seem like nothing to worry about. However, when you have diabetes, the thick skin can break down and open up. Deep cracks can develop. If any of these occur, you can develop a serious infection, such as cellulitis.

    A dermatologist or podiatrist can provide the care you need to treat corns or calluses.

  7. Seek immediate medical care for a skin or nail infection. People who have diabetes can develop an infection more easily than people who have a healthy endocrine system. An infection can quickly become serious.

    If you notice any of the following on your skin or under a nail, get immediate medical care:

    • Skin looks swollen and discolored
    • Tenderness or pain
    • Wound that is leaking pus or other fluid
    • Honey-colored crusts
    • Build-up beneath a fingernail or toenail or a nail is starting to lift up
    • A thickening or discolored nail

  8. Treat all cuts, scratches, and wounds immediately. To treat wounds, wash the area with soap and water. Apply antibiotic ointment only if your doctor recommends this. Always cover the wound with an adhesive bandage. To help your skin heal, treat the wound every day.

    If the wound fails to heal or worsens, seek immediate medical care.

    Dermatologists treat diabetic related skin issues

    Dermatologists treat diabetics who develop slow or non-healing wounds and other complications with their skin.

    Dermatologist treats patient with diabetes

  9. Check your feet every day for redness, scratches, blisters, sores, and cuts. If you have a minor wound, treat it. Get immediate medical care for all other wounds.

  10. Keep your toenails short. Long, rough toenails can irritate your skin. When toenails grow long, they can lift up. This makes it easier for an infection to develop beneath a toenail. Keeping your toenails properly trimmed can prevent cuts and a possible foot infection.

    To trim your toenails, cut them straight across. If you have trouble trimming or reaching your toenails, your foot doctor can keep them properly trimmed.

Good skin care is a necessity rather than a luxury

Following this basic skin care can help you feel more comfortable and prevent a serious or life-threatening condition.

If your skin still feels uncomfortable or fails to heal, seeing a board-certified dermatologist can help. It can take a bit of detective work to find out why your skin feels uncomfortable. Some people develop a skin reaction to injecting insulin or taking diabetes medication. A little bit of insight can go a long way toward helping you feel better. And that’s not a luxury.

Related AAD resources


Images
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References
Hafner A, Sprecher E. “Ulcers.” In: Bolognia JL, et al. Dermatology. (fourth edition). Mosby Elsevier, China, 2018: 1841.

Kalus A., Chien AJ, et al. “Diabetes mellitus and other endocrine disorders.” In: Wolff K, Goldsmith LA, et al. Fitzpatrick’s Dermatology in General Medicine (seventh edition). McGraw Hill Medical, New York, 2008:1468.

Kirsner RS, Yosipovitch G, et al. “Diabetic skin changes can benefit from moisturizer and cleanser use: A review.” J Drugs Dermatol. 2019 Dec 1;18(12):1211-7.

Lima AL, Illing T, et al. “Cutaneous manifestations of diabetes mellitus: A review.” Am J Clin Dermatol 2017;18, 541–53.

Morton LM, Phillips TJ. “Wound healing and treating wounds: Differential diagnosis and evaluation of chronic wounds.” J Am Acad Dermatol 2016;74:589-605.

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