Excellence in Dermatology™
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U084 - Cognitive Error and Visual Intelligence in Dermatologic Diagnoses

Monday, February 19; 7:30 AM - 8:30 AM

Learning Objectives

Following this course, the attendee should be able to:

  • Identify the sources of cognitive error in dermatologic clinical diagnosis, including general heuristics and heuristics specifically relevant to dermatology.
  • Discuss visual intelligence as applicable to dermatologic diagnostics and misdiagnoses.
  • Describe possible approaches to improving diagnostic accuracy and decreasing error, via metacognition and other practices.


Medical diagnosis is significantly error prone, with the majority of diagnostic errors being cognitive in nature. Diagnostic reasoning is based upon intuitive (System 1) and analytical (System 2) processes. Heuristics play an important role in increasing ease and speed of cognitive work in clinical diagnosis. Discussed are classic diagnostic heuristics and a series of unique heuristics relevant to the dermatologist. The role of visual intelligence in dermatologic diagnostics is explored. Improved diagnostic accuracy through metacognition (by thinking about how we think) and other approaches will be discussed.


  • Lowenstein, Eve Judith, MD, PhD: AlphaImpact RX – C(H); Anacor Pharmaceuticals, Inc. – A(H); Brand Institute Inc – C(H); Celgene Corporation – A(H); COM.DAT – C(H); ConsultantLive publications by UBM LLC – Independent Contractor(H); Curizon – C(H); e-Rewards – C(H); Gerson Lehrman Group's Council of Advisors (GLG) – C(H); J Reckner Associates – C(H); M3 Global Research – C(H); MDLinx – C(H); Medical Liability Mutual Insurance Co - MLMIC – I(Fees); MedSurvey – C(H);
Monday, February 19
7:30 AM
Dr. Lowenstein / Cognitive error and visual intelligence in Dermatologic diagnoses
Event Details
  • Date
    Monday, February 19
  • Time
    7:30 AM - 8:30 AM
  • Location
    Room 1B
  • CME Credits
  • Type
  • Eve Judith Lowenstein, MD, PhD, FAAD